Niklaus Wirth Biography

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Nikalus Emil Wirth was calved connected 15 February 1934 successful Winterthur, Switzerland. He is simply a Swiss machine scientist. In nan twelvemonth 1984, he was honored pinch nan Turing Award, nan highest grant successful machine subject for processing a series of innovative machine languages for illustration EULER, MODULA, ALGOL-W, and Pascal.

Birth15 February 1934
BirthplaceWinterthur, Switzerland
EducationB.S., MSc, and Ph.D.
AwardsTuring Award, Marcel Benoist Prize
FieldComputer Science
Known ForModula, Oberon System, Oberon-07, Pascal, ALGOL W, Oberon, Euler, Modula-2, Oberon-2
Niklaus Wirth Biography

Education & Career

He completed his Bachelor of Science (B.S.) successful physics engineering from nan Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) successful 1959. And he earned a master’s grade successful physics engineering from Laval University, Canada successful 1960 and a Ph.D. successful machine subject successful 1963 from nan University of California, Berkeley. He worked arsenic an adjunct professor of machine subject astatine Stanford University from 1963 to 1967. In nan twelvemonth 1968, he became a professor astatine ETH Zurich taking 2 1-year sabbaticals astatine Xerox PARC. He worked astatine ETH Zurich till his status successful 1999.

He was associated pinch processing world standards successful programming and informatics arsenic a personnel of nan International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) connected algorithm connection and calculi which support nan programming languages ALGOL 60 and ALGOL 68.

He was made a chap of nan Computer history depository successful nan twelvemonth 2004.

Programming Languages

Wirth was progressive successful designing nan programming languages Euler (1965), Oberon, Oberon-2, Oberon-07, Modula, Modula-2, Pascal, Algol W, and PL360. He was nan main designer astatine that time. He was besides portion of designing operating systems Medos-2, Oberon, and Lola. For nan improvement of these languages, he received Turing Award nan highest grant successful machine subject successful nan twelvemonth 1994.


  1. He wrote nan book ‘The Pascal User Manual and Report’ pinch Kathleen Jansen.
  2. Algorithms + Data Structures = Programs was written by him successful 1975 that sewage a batch of popularity. The first version consists of examples written successful Pascal. Later its caller editions were published pinch examples of Oberon and Modula-2.

Wirth’s rule states that package is getting slower much quickly than hardware becomes faster.

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